Though the us had created nuclear weapons to win a war and to serve as a deterrent in the cold war, these same nuclear weapons were leading to problems, such as the cuban missile crisis, and presented a real potential for mass destruction. Some experts say the risk of a nuclear catastrophe is greater now than it was during the cold war while our goal should be a world without nuclear weapons, that won't happen soon we need to act now. The end of the cold war and the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (1968) did not bring the nuclear standoff to an end, but the two countries continued to develop and modernize. A country with nuclear weapons and a terrorist presence could trigger a nuclear war, especially if the terrorist hostility is directed at a united states or russian city, hellman explained. But even during the much-decried arms race of the cold war years, both east and west refined their crude nuclear technology to suit the requirements of waging war, eg targeting the enemy's missiles, aircraft and submarines, rather than putting all their eggs in the nuclear annihilation basket.
(delivered february 6, 2006) i have been asked to speak about president ronald reagan's efforts to eliminate the possibility of nuclear war that topic is long overdue for serious study. The cold war offset strategy discussed here and in other articles from the war on the rocks beyond offset initiative and the associated center for a new american security project is finally receiving the attention it deserves. Nuclear strategy, the formation of tenets and strategies for producing and using nuclear weapons with the end of the cold war, most of those scenarios became moot, raising the question of whether there was still a role for nuclear strategy the answer seemed to lie largely in how the consequences.
Peace and world security studies the hampshire-based five college program in peace and world security studies (pawss) was a multidisciplinary educational program designed to stimulate student and faculty interest in the study of critical international issues, especially those connecting issues of conflict and the environment. All of this is not to say that china is not a potential threat, nor is war anywhere near likely even a cold war between the united states and china is unlikely due to their economic. Nuclear weapons pose the single biggest threat to the earth's environment, scientists have warned in a new study of the potential global impacts of nuclear blasts, an american team found even a.
Sixty years ago, as the cold war intensified, the end of the world seemed much too close for comfort the threat of nuclear destruction, implicit in the newspaper headlines of the day, naturally leached into popular culture. Suddenly, the prospect of a nuclear confrontation between the united states and the most hermetic power on the globe had entered a realm of psychological calculation reminiscent of the cold war. Delegitimisation of nuclear weapons introduction though after the second world war some countries have revised their nuclear weapons programme, nuclear weapons still today are considered to be an established currency of politics and security.
Changing the cold war posture of deployed nuclear weapons to increase warning time and thereby reduce the danger of an accidental or unauthorized use of a nuclear weapon continuing to reduce substantially the size of nuclear forces in all states that possess them. Weapons that are capable of a high order of destruction and/or of being used to destroy large numbers of people it includes nuclear weapons, and biological, chemical, and radiation weapons. A nuclear holocaust, nuclear apocalypse or atomic holocaust is a theoretical scenario involving widespread destruction and radioactive fallout causing the collapse of civilization, through the use of nuclear weapons.
After the cold war, as the los alamos director, he fostered wide cooperation between american and russian nuclear laboratories to secure and safeguard vast stockpiles of ex-soviet nuclear materials. Mutual assured destruction thereby encouraged strategic stability by reducing the incentives for either country to take actions that might escalate into a nuclear war the new rand paper says that in coming decades, artificial intelligence has the potential to erode the condition of mutual assured destruction and undermine strategic stability. The arms race could be seen as crucial to the end of the cold war as it contributed to economic pressure on the ussr, led to heightened fears of nuclear war and put pressure on leaders to negotiate an end to confrontations that could precipitate war. Analysis of the impact on the soviet nuclear weapons program of testing moratoriums and the proposed limited test ban treaty was critical when washington was developing its position on these issues in the 1950s and 1960s.
After the cold war the demise of the postwar alliance system and the rapid contraction of the soviet empire in europe required a rapid reassessment of strategyfor nato the traditional calculus was turned upside down. An encyclopedia of war and ethics, edited by donald wells in 1996, has articles on biological and chemical weapons and war, nuclear deterrence and proliferation, and weapons of mass destruction given the range of linguistic use, the term weapons of mass destruction needs some special philosophical analysis. Us nuclear weapons deter potential adversaries from the threat or use of weapons of mass destruction against the united states, its deployed forces, and its allies and friends.